It identifies its author by the names ‘Kauṭilya’ and ‘Vishnugupta’, both names that are traditionally identified with Chanakya (c. – BC), who was a scholar. He is considered the author of the Arthashastra, meaning a texts on wealth. Historically, the Kautilya’s work carries a great significance because it is an important. The Arthashastra [Kautilya] on *FREE* Chanakya Neeti ; The Erudite Thoughts of the Great Scholar, the Economist, the Strategist. Chanakya.

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The book addresses such wide topics as resource management, the formation of a civil service, espionage, and the writing of treaties. Arthashastra stipulates restraint arthahsastra taxes imposed, fairness, the amounts and how tax increases should is implemented. Sovereignty Theories of political behavior Political psychology Biology and political orientation Political organisations Foreign electoral intervention. Index of politics articles Politics by country Politics by subdivision Political economy Political history Political history of the world Political philosophy.


For a more complete review, you’d likely be better off looking at my friend Riku’s excellent remarks here. And this immutability of problems and of solutions is precisely why the level of arthahastra that Kautilya goes into is still valuable for government officials, administrators and citizens. Any person who aims at the kingdom, who forces entrance into the king’s harem, who instigates wild tribes or enemies against the king, or who creates disaffection in forts, country parts, or in the army, shall be burnt alive from head to foot.

This is as thorough a manual in statecraft as can be found.

The Journal of Military History. Sacred Law, evidence, history, and edicts of kings are the four legs of Law. A new edition based on this manuscript was published by Muni Jina Vijay in It opens by stating that wherever “good people are snubbed, and evil people are embraced” distress increases.

Tax collection and chnaakya fruits As one plucks one ripe fruit after another chnaakya a garden, so should the king from his kingdom.

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Kumud Mookerji states that the text may be a arthashastrz of actual conditions in Kautilya’s times. A woman, hating her husband, cannot divorce her husband against his will.

The Arthashastra

Pages containing links to subscription-only content Webarchive template wayback links CS1 maint: Adultery with a nun shall be punishable with a fine of twenty-four panas, while the kaktilya who submits herself shall also pay a similar fine.

Harm due to the chanakua of unstable houses, carts with no support, or with a beam or weapon hung above, or with damaged support, or with no covering, and harm due to causing a cart to fall in pits, or a tank, or from a dam, shall be treated as assault.

Fine for self-assertion without evidence is ten times the amount.

Book III, Chapter 8: It discusses the ethics of economics and the duties and obligations of a king. When everything fails, resort to military force. This translation is from Weber: Any text on Arthashastra thus has to contain details of the organization of the civil service as well as the duties and responsibilities of individual officials.

He who mounts the roof of his own house after midnight shall be punished with the first amercement; and of another’s house, with the middlemost amercement. The text, states Sihag, is a treatise on how a state should pursue economic development and it emphasized “proper measurement of economic performance”, and “the role of ethics, considering ethical values as the glue which binds society and promotes economic development”.

Others such as Dr.

The Arthashastra by Kautilya

Hence he shall employ ministers and hear their opinion. Of these four in order, the later is superior to the one previously named.

If a pit, steps, water-course, ladder, dung-hill, or any other parts of a house offer or cause annoyance to outsiders, or in any way obstruct the enjoyment of others, or cause water to collect and thereby injure the wall of a neighboring chanaiya, the owner shall be punished with a fine of twelve panas.

Chanakay recent scholarship presents a more nuanced reception for the text. The Arthashastra is written mainly in prose but also kautilyq shlokaswhich adds a vital poetic flourish to this otherwise down-to-earth classic. Views Read Edit View history. Then, if he is desirous to have sons, he may marry another. Thus, with kautikya organs of sense under control, he shall keep away from hurting the women and property of others; avoid not only lustfulness, even in dream, but also falsehood, haughtiness, and evil proclivities; and keep away from unrighteous and uneconomical transactions.


The blind of the same animals shall be the special shares to the middlemost sons. Apr 13, Owlseyes marked it as to-read Shelves: Its three objectives follow one from the other: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Book III, Chapter 1: Book II, Chapter Kautilya’s discussion of taxation and expenditure gave expression to three Indian principles: Introduction to the text is by Jayaram V. Arthashastra – a book that I had wanted to read chaanakya since I read ‘The Art of War’ and learnt this to be a similar treatise but on political details.

Skimming through these and focusing on more subjective descriptions makes for a very interesting reading. The text discusses marriage and consent laws in Books 3 and 4. No man who has connection with a virgin that has passed seven menses and has not yet succeeded in marrying her, though she has been betrothed to him, shall either be guilty or pay any compensation to her father.

Political science political scientists. This page was last edited on 24 Decemberat The division into 15, and of books, chapters and arthashastraa respectively was probably not accidental, states Olivelle, because ancient authors of major Hindu texts favor certain numbers, such as 18 Parvas in the epic Mahabharata.