Authors: Buyung Hadi, Jeffrey Bradshaw, Jan Knodel and Ken Ostlie. Seedcorn maggot is the larva of a small fly, Delia platura. This fly is widely. Genus: Delia. Species: D. platura. Subspecies: D. platura. Scientific Name. Delia platura (Meigen, ). Common Names. seedcorn maggot. Delia platura (Meigen, ). seedcorn maggot. polyphagous. Delia platura: cephalic skeleton of 3rd instar larva. cephalic skeleton of 3rd instar larva (from.
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However, it often is considered a secondary pest deliaa even saprophagous because it is associated with plants that have already been damaged by other insects and diseases BrooksGriffiths a, b. Larvae of the seedcorn maggot can survive as soil saprophytes Miller and McClanahanbut they feed readily on seeds planted in infested soil Funderburk et al. The standard treatment for control of this pest is to treat preventatively with pre-plant, in-furrow insecticides.
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Delia platura (soybean)
Parisi B, Ranalli P, In beans plots, populations of seedcorn maggots can be managed best by choosing correct pesticide applications can be applied either to seed or seedling line p,atura by following planting techniques mentioned in the cultural control section Valenciano et al.
Biology of seed-corn maggot, Hylemya cilicrura Rondaniand preliminary studies on its control. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Platrua, 64 2: One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Upcoming Events Discussioninsects and people from the BugGuide Gathering in VirginiaJuly Photos of insects and people from the gathering in WisconsinJuly Photos of insects and people from the gathering in VirginiaJune Contributors own the copyright to and are solely responsible for contributed content.
The pupal stage requires at least 10 days until adults are ready to emerge Gesell Bessin reported that seedcorn maggots damage newly planted seeds by feeding on seed contents, often leaving empty seed shells and preventing germination.
Hammond and Cooper found that planting soyabeans 3. Trorus E, Ghizdavu I, If you need expert professional advice, contact your local extension office.
Iowa State University, Extension. Klimaszewski J, Blume RR, They complete their entire development within the soil by burrowing into seeds or feeding on cotyledons emerging from seeds Bennett et al. Anthomyiidae on asparagus in North Baden.
Content is available for non-profit, educational use under our Copyright Agreement. Idinger, ; EPPO, Royal Entomological Society, 10 The larvae are less than platuea mm in the first instar to 7 mm in the third instar and tend to occur in clusters at the base of the plant or feeding inside of the root stem.
The wings are held crossed over the abdomen at rest.
The larval period lasts nearly 21 days Bessinand the maggots develop over a large temperature range: In vitro isolation of Entomophthora muscp Entomophthorales: Granular insecticide can also be used effectively for the control of these maggots Kessing and Mau EU pesticides database www. The abdomen is blunt with two brown to black spiracles at the posterior end. Distribution Back to Top Delia platura is the most widespread anthomyiid Weston and MillerGriffiths occurring on all continents except Antarctica Griffiths An introduction to the immature stages of British flies: In cool wet seasons damage may be widespread.
Reduction in the plant stand can be seen within a week after plant emergence Gesell There are likely generations per year in Georgia.
Darvas B, Kozma E, Seedcorn maggots deposited significantly more eggs near the base of newly emerged seedlings when given a choice of five different stages of developing soybeans Ibrahim and Hower Diptera larvae, with notes on eggs, puparia and pupae. Studies on the thermal constants and seasonal occurrence of the seed-corn maggot in Wisconsin.
The use of a winter cover crop may also increase fly populations Hammond, In females, common arrangement of mid-tibial setae, though may be any combination of anterodorsal, 1- 2posterodorsal and 2 -3 posteroventral setae. Biology of seed-corn maggot in the coastal plain of the south Atlantic states. Response of dry bean selections to field infestations of seedcorn maggot in central Washington.
Entomology Collection > Delia platura
Given its worldwide distribution, this species must have some mechanism to escape from high temperatures. Anthomyiidae by using the attractant mixture of 2-phenylethanol and n-valeric acid.
A note on the incidence of seed corn maggot, Delia platura Meigen Anthomyiidae: Females lay eggs near food resources and appear to be stimulated to oviposit by olfactory cues Barlowwhich are produced by microbes from larval food sources Eckenrode et al. Oviposition preference of the seed corn maggot for various developmental stages of soybeans.
Please consider upgrading pplatura browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Seedlings that germinate despite the damage are spindly, with few leaves, and die before maturation. The selia maggot is a polyphagous pest, affecting more than 40 different host plants Ristich Please consider a year-end gift to BugGuide!
Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. In the southern United States, adults are found commonly in the fall, early winter, and spring seasons, but few have been reported deli mid-summer Berisford and TsaoReid Anthomyiidae en almacigos de ceballas Allium cepa L.