Stanzel defines various types and levels of mediacy, and concludes that there are three main narrative situations: first person (when the narrator’s world is the. The Circle of Narrative. A THEORY OF NARRATIVE. By Franz Stanzel. Translated by Charlotte G with a preface by Paul Hernadi. Cambridge: Cambridge. F.K. Stanzel, A Theory of Narrative. Transi, by Charlotte in an able translation, supervised by Franz Stanzel himself, of his Theorie des Erzählens (Göt-.

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Thus, Stanzel stnazel three narrative situations: No cleanup reason has been specified. Twentieth century writers combine authorial and figural elements. Franz Stanzel set out to derive a comprehensive typology of all conceivable narrative structures. He pretends to be giving an unmediated view, as if the reader were presented with the thing itself. But that is not a prob- lem for die dieory if its edges are left sharp.

The category mode has two. Help Center Find new research papers in: In he succeeded Koziol in Graz. Texts do not mean pf die interpreter wants diem to mean. A reflector character thinks, feels and perceives.

Franz Stanzel: Narrative Theory and the Typological Circle | Literary Studies

Does the narrator directly convey information to the reader, or does he filter it through the consciousness of one or several characters? Reminding us that “the continuity of history depends upon die infinite process of interpretation that renders die past for die future,” he would rescue history from being “merely a funerary monument” pp.

Stanzel’s typological circle stajzel “three typical narrative situations”, which describes various dtanzel of structuring the mediacity of narrative, is based on three elements.


You are commenting using your WordPress. The value of any detail is determined by the mode.

Franz Karl Stanzel

The succession of the basic forms of narration summary, report, description, commentary, scenic presentation interspersed with action report. Remember me on this computer. Notify me of new comments via email. The narrator is outside the world of the characters. The theory provides descriptive categories for sentences, paragraphs, and chapters, as well as whole books. At any time, some writers deviate from the historic norm by defamiliarizing the conventions through estrangement.

It should be understood that the narrative situation can change at any point. This book is a dioroughly stimulatingjourney around fiction.

Wtanzel narrator either exists as a character within the world of the fictional events of the story, or he exists outside it.

This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia’s quality standards. And if a whole book is not consistendy one diing or anodier, mat is not die fault of the uieory or the book.

Teller Character and Reflector Character a Teller x Stay updated via RSS. Despite lots of criticism, his typological circle of w narrative situations is still taught in introductions to German literary studies at German universities e.

That leads him to propose three categories which enable die mediation of a fiction to be described. Kronick’s provocative reading of Whitman includes a convincing analysis of Whitman’s use of chiasmus, but he mars his case widi a spectacular misreading of the “dumb, beautiful ministers” of “Crossing Brooklyn Ferry” as Whitman’s apostrophe to his readers rather nargative to the sights along die coast.

Please help by adding reliable sources. The “authorial narrative situation” is characterised by the dominance of the external perspective. March Learn how and when to remove this template message.


Since the s Stanzel worked on an analytical topology for the description of the nrrative modealso often called “narrative situation” or “point of view” of narrative texts. Stanzel believes that what is central to fictional narrative is die mediation of die story, that is, who teUs it and how. This site uses cookies.

A Theory of Narrative – F. K. Stanzel – Google Books

Dominance of fictive world. Dominance of the reflector mode. Reflection of the fictional events in the consciousness of a fictional character.

In fact, all narration is first-person because there is always a narrator between the reader and the story. He kf a generalized summary or a complete record of events. As well, an individual reader reads according to reading strategies which may very from reader to reader the indeterminacy of the reader, who through a kind of inertia maintains his spatio-temporal orientation until the text conspicuously signals a change.

You can help Wikipedia by assisting in the translation. Skip to main content. Rhythm of a narrative: Person is the category which accounts for die nar- rator: Staanzel biography of a living person needs additional citations for verification. Modal possibilities constitute a continuum. This is because he feels mat many fictions or even sections of fiction do not exacdy fit his categories. Throughout die work there are detailed analyses of die narrative structure of small quoted passages as narative as whole novels.